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What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects women worldwide. Early detection is key to successful treatment, and being aware of the symptoms of breast cancer is crucial. In this article, we will explore the common symptoms of breast cancer and what to look out for.


The most common symptom of breast cancer is a lump or thickening in the breast tissue. It may feel hard, irregular in shape, and be painless. However, not all lumps or breast changes indicate breast cancer. Some women may have lumps or cysts that are benign and do not require treatment. It is important to have any breast changes evaluated by a healthcare provider to determine whether they require further testing.


Another symptom of breast cancer is a change in the size or shape of the breast. This may occur in one or both breasts and may be accompanied by skin dimpling or puckering. The breast may also become red, swollen, or feel warm to the touch.

Nipple changes are also common symptoms of breast cancer. This may include nipple discharge, a nipple that turns inward, or a rash or crusting around the nipple. These changes may occur in one or both breasts and may be accompanied by breast pain.


Breast cancer can also cause swelling or a lump in the underarm area. This is because the lymph nodes in this area may be affected by breast cancer cells that have spread from the breast tissue.


It is important to note that not all women with breast cancer experience symptoms. In some cases, breast cancer is detected through routine screening tests, such as mammograms.


It is recommended that women over the age of 40 undergo regular mammograms every two years, although women with a family history of breast cancer or other risk factors may need to start screening at a younger age or have more frequent mammograms.


In conclusion, being aware of the symptoms of breast cancer is crucial for early detection and successful treatment. Common symptoms include a lump or thickening in the breast tissue, changes in the size or shape of the breast, nipple changes, and swelling or a lump in the underarm area. However, not all women with breast cancer experience symptoms, which is why routine screening tests are essential. Women should talk to their healthcare provider about their individual risk of breast cancer and the appropriate screening schedule for them.

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