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What is an interventional breast biopsy?

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects women worldwide. Early detection and treatment are crucial in improving outcomes and survival rates. One way to detect breast cancer is through a biopsy, which involves removing a sample of breast tissue for examination. An interventional breast biopsy is a type of biopsy that involves using a needle to remove tissue or fluid from the breast for examination.

An interventional breast biopsy is usually performed when a mammogram or ultrasound has detected a suspicious lump or abnormality in the breast. It is a minimally invasive procedure that can help diagnose whether the lump is cancerous or not. There are several types of interventional breast biopsies, including fine-needle aspiration, core needle biopsy, and vacuum-assisted biopsy.

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the least invasive type of interventional breast biopsy. It involves using a thin needle to remove a small amount of fluid or tissue from the breast lump. This type of biopsy is usually performed when a lump is filled with fluid, such as a cyst, and can help determine if the lump is benign or malignant. Core needle biopsy is a more invasive type of interventional breast biopsy. It involves using a larger needle to remove a small core of tissue from the breast lump. This type of biopsy is usually performed when a lump is solid and can help determine if the lump is cancerous or not.

Vacuum-assisted biopsy is a more advanced type of core needle biopsy. It involves using a special device that can remove multiple tissue samples with one insertion of the needle. This type of biopsy is usually performed when a lump is too large to be removed with a core needle biopsy.

During an interventional breast biopsy, the patient will usually lie on their stomach or side on an examination table. The area around the breast will be numbed with local anesthesia, and the needle will be inserted into the breast to remove the tissue sample. The procedure usually takes around 30 minutes to complete, and the patient can go home the same day.

After the biopsy, the patient may experience some discomfort, swelling, or bruising in the breast. It is important to avoid any strenuous activity or heavy lifting for a few days after the biopsy. The tissue sample will be sent to a laboratory for analysis, and the results will be available within a few days.

In conclusion, an interventional breast biopsy is a minimally invasive procedure that can help diagnose whether a breast lump is cancerous or not. There are several types of interventional breast biopsies, including fine-needle aspiration, core needle biopsy, and vacuum-assisted biopsy. If you have any concerns or questions about breast cancer or interventional breast biopsies, it is important to consult with your healthcare provider.


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