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Why is an interventional breast biopsy necessary?

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. According to the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 281,550 new cases of invasive breast cancer in women in the United States in 2021. One way to detect breast cancer is through a breast biopsy. An interventional breast biopsy is a type of biopsy that is often necessary to determine whether a breast lump or other abnormality is cancerous or not.

During an interventional breast biopsy, a small tissue sample is removed from the breast for examination under a microscope. The procedure is performed using imaging guidance, such as mammography, ultrasound, or MRI, to precisely locate the area of concern.

So why is an interventional breast biopsy necessary? Here are several reasons:

  1. To diagnose breast cancer: An interventional breast biopsy is often necessary to diagnose breast cancer. It is the only way to determine whether a breast lump or other abnormality is cancerous or not. The biopsy can provide information about the type and stage of the cancer, which is important for treatment planning.

  2. To rule out breast cancer: Not all breast lumps or abnormalities are cancerous. An interventional breast biopsy can help determine whether a lump is benign or malignant. If the lump is benign, no further treatment may be necessary.

  3. To monitor changes in the breast: In some cases, a woman may have a history of breast cancer or a high risk of developing breast cancer. Regular breast biopsies may be necessary to monitor any changes in the breast tissue over time.

  4. To guide treatment: If breast cancer is diagnosed, an interventional breast biopsy can help guide treatment decisions. The biopsy can provide information about the size and location of the cancer, as well as whether it has spread to nearby lymph nodes. This information is important for determining the best course of treatment, such as surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.

  5. To provide peace of mind: For many women, finding a breast lump or other abnormality can be a source of anxiety and fear. An interventional breast biopsy can provide peace of mind by either confirming that the lump is not cancerous or providing a clear diagnosis and treatment plan if it is cancerous.

In conclusion, an interventional breast biopsy is necessary to diagnose breast cancer, rule out breast cancer, monitor changes in the breast, guide treatment decisions, and provide peace of mind. If you have a breast lump or other abnormality, it is important to talk to your doctor about whether an interventional breast biopsy is necessary. Early detection and treatment of breast cancer can improve outcomes and save lives.


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