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How accurate is contrast-enhanced mammography in detecting breast cancer?

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women worldwide. Early detection is key to successful treatment and improved outcomes. Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) is a newer imaging technique that uses a contrast agent to enhance the visibility of breast tissue, potentially improving the accuracy of breast cancer detection. In this article, we will discuss how accurate CEM is in detecting breast cancer.

Multiple studies have evaluated the accuracy of CEM in detecting breast cancer, and the results have been promising. One study published in the journal Radiology found that CEM detected significantly more cancers than traditional mammography alone, particularly in women with dense breast tissue. Another study published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology found that CEM had a higher sensitivity than traditional mammography in detecting breast cancer.

CEM works by highlighting areas of abnormal blood flow in the breast tissue, which can be a sign of cancer. This can help healthcare providers identify areas of concern that may not be visible on a traditional mammogram. In some cases, CEM may also be used in combination with other imaging techniques, such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to provide a more comprehensive view of the breast tissue.

However, it is important to note that like any imaging technique, CEM is not perfect and can have limitations. False-positive results, which occur when a mammogram indicates the presence of cancer when there is none, can occur with CEM. This can lead to additional testing and potentially unnecessary biopsies. False-negative results, which occur when a mammogram misses the presence of cancer, can also occur with CEM. This is why it is important to discuss any concerns or questions about breast cancer detection with your healthcare provider.

In conclusion, contrast-enhanced mammography has shown promise in improving the accuracy of breast cancer detection, particularly in women with dense breast tissue. It can help healthcare providers identify areas of concern that may not be visible on a traditional mammogram. However, it is important to discuss any concerns or questions about breast cancer detection with your healthcare provider, as no imaging technique is perfect and false-positive and false-negative results can occur.


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